Technology

7 Top Emerging Technologies of 21st Century

Do you know about the top emerging technologies of the 21st century? Well, we are here for the exact purpose to let you know about the technological advancements of the 21st century.

According to reports, the technology market is rising by 42% annually. It is expected that in the next 5 years, 150 million technological jobs would be available globally. Technology is connected to everything, even gambling like at Sloto Cash.

The 21st century has been really amazing when it comes to new developments and inventions. New inventions were done in almost all fields including medicines, technology, Physics and many more.

Some prominent inventions were done and new technologies were introduced. We’ll explain the following technologies today.

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Augmented Reality
  • 3D Printing
  • Biotechnology
  • Big Data
  • Gene Editing
  • Capsule Endoscopy

So let’s get right into it.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the key item used in the Robotics Industry. Its invention and advancement is revolutionizing the world. In the current era, the artificial intelligence of robots is touching the natural intelligence.

In addition, it is also expected that in the coming years, the AI will be close to matching human intelligence.

The demand for AI professionals is increasing rapidly at about 32% growth rate in recent years. AI can be customized for any software depending upon its needs. On the other hand, machine learning, which is a subset of AI, is also advancing.

Machine Learning (ML) has the ability to reprogramme itself using big data and accuracy. The role of machine learning is prominent in technologies like security devices, robotics, automatic cars and accident detection etc.

Deep Learning is one step ahead of AI and ML and uses big data with higher efficiency. It is a subset of Machine Learning and learns itself to perform specific tasks without any human interference.

These technologies are all based on AI and can contribute to a bright future.

Augmented Reality (AR)

In Augmented Reality, the digital graphics are blended with live footage to convey real-time information.

This technology has been around for a while but advanced recently. With the arrival of a powerful computing hardware and open source tracking software library, the technology has taken off. ARToolkit has been extremely helpful in its growth.

Some examples of this technology are the Pokemon Go game and Snapchat filters. It is also used as a tool in manufacturing healthcare, travel, fashion and education.

3D Printing

The process of 3D printing is to use the digital files in the computer to create an object with a special printer.

The objects are manufactured from plastics to metal and even the human cells are being used. Moreover, this technology is used in all walks of life including fashion, auto and health industry.

The 3D printing industry is a $3.1 Billions industry growing at a rate of 35% per year. In addition, there are some expectations of printing 3D houses and internal human organs.

The advantages of this industry are massive. Using this technology, the care providers can deliver products on demand.

This ability can disrupt the current forms of distribution and manufacturing.

Specialists use this technology for the purposes like creating custom dental work, personalised descriptions, organ transplant, custom hearing aids and prosthetic limbs.

The low cost production has revolutionised the 3D printing market.  Today, this technology has been extremely effective to produce products from low-cost cars to bridgers to low cost ballet slippers.

Biotechnology

Biotechnology is related to biology and the genetic system of a man. Biotechnology has enabled humans to understand the cells to a great extent.

Now, products are being developed to improve the lives of people using this technology. Biotechnology is not that advanced and there is further progress expected.

But, today humans are capable of diagnosing incurable diseases using this technology. Then they take adequate steps to improve the environment and the lives of the humans.

Big Data

Normally, the term big data is used for those data packets which are bigger than traditional databases.

But in the past few years, the meaning of big data has altered entirely. Now the term big data includes not only data but also the tools necessary to process and secure it. The amount of data generated by various companies is on the rise.

In contrast, the cost of protecting this data is decreasing year by year. So, this technology is also helping to make human life better. ۔

Gene Editing

In 2012, the researchers from University of California and Berkeley discovered a bacterial immune system CRISPR as gene editing tool.

CRISPR  stands for clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats that could be used as a powerful gene-editing tool. It can  make detailed changes to any organism’s DNA.

This discovery made a revolution and the new era of biotechnology started.  It has the potential to eradicate any disease by making changes in the genes. However, human gene editing is also arising some ethical questions like for reproductive purposes.

CRISPR discovery is very powerful and has the ability to make drastic changes to the human genome. With this discovery,  the treatment of some diseases will be extremely easy.  However, the question arises when it is used for reproductive purposes.

Capsule Endoscopy

Thanks to the huge advancements in light-emitting electrodes, optical design, and image sensors, in the 90s, the capsule endoscopy was developed.

It was first used in 2001, the technology uses a tiny wireless camera the size of a common pill. The technology of capsule endoscopy allows doctors to explore and examine the human body. The examination specifically focuses on the digestive system, to diagnose any potential internal bleeding, cancerous tumor, or inflammation.

As the capsule passes through the digestive system, specialists can examine the gastrointestinal system.

The main usage of capsule endoscopy is to identify the source of internal bleeding, cancerous tumors and inflammations of the bowel ulcers.